Oceanic art and design, the visual artwork and design of indigenous Oceania, such as media like palaces , pottery, rock artwork, basketry, masks,sculptures, painting, and personal decoration.
In such civilizations, art and architecture have often been closely linked –for instance, storehouses and meetinghouses are often decorated with intricate oceanic carvings.
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General Characteristics Materials and methods
Until the 16th and 17th centuries, when European civilizations arose upon the scene, Oceanian cultures preserved various kinds of Neolithic technology.
The sole exception was at the northwest of New Guinea, in which the folks residing around Geelvink Bay erased quite tiny amounts of metal in the Indonesians of the Moluccas (Maluku).
The method of hammering was jealously guarded, nearly as a cult key; a few tools were exchanged but only in amounts far too little to have made much effect on ordinary working conditions.
During the remainder of Melanesia and in Polynesia and Micronesia, the fundamental instrument stayed the rock blade, that had been hafted as an adz or an ax and at times interchangeably as equally.
The Tridacna shell was occasionally employed for blades in areas of Oceania where rock was in short supply, such as Micronesia and the Solomon Islands. When obsidian was accessible, it had been broken into blades for use as both tools and weapons.
Other working substances comprised bamboo and bivalve shells, which require extremely sharp borders. Some nice cutting and engraving was performed with unhafted boar tusks or using hafted bark and shark teeth. These tools were used in working timber, which with rare exceptions has been the primary medium used during Oceania.