General dentistry is a branch of medicine that deals with dental care. It focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, research, and treatment of various disorders and conditions of the jaw and facial areas and related structures in the human body and oral cavity. The oral cavity is simply a medical term for the mouth.
People who practice general dentistry are called dentists. Dentists can still specialize in different areas. General dentists work with a team of dentists, dental technicians, and dental hygienists.
Some underestimate the importance of general dentistry. Indeed, this type of medical care is very important. Oral disease is common worldwide and has become a major public health problem. It is more common in lower socioeconomic groups but the oral disease occurs in all classes and all regions of the world.
General dentistry focuses on preventive activities and treatments. Much of dentistry is used to prevent diseases such as tooth decay and periodontal disease.
Dental caries is a bacterial infection of the teeth that destroys the organic matter of the teeth by producing acids caused by food particles accumulating on the surface of the teeth. Periodontal disease affects one or more periodontal tissues. The most common periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontal disease.
Other treatments performed in dentistry include restoring teeth such as fillings, extracting or extracting teeth that cannot be repaired, peeling the teeth to treat periodontal problems, and treating abscesses such as root canals.