What is the cause and treatment of chilblains?

Chilblains are what is called a non-freezing cold problem. It's a issue that occurs in the cold weather but is not a freezing cold injury such as frostbite. These are an unnatural response of the small blood vessels in the feet to a change in temperature coming from cold temperatures to warm. Ordinarily when the feet are cold, the blood vessels close up to save warmth. Usually when the foot is warmed up those arteries will need to open up to increase circulation to the tissues. With a chilblain the arteries continue to be closed up for a longer interval of time and then sooner or later and instantly open up. This makes an inflammatory response which causes a painful reddish colored area on the toe. After a couple of days waste material accumulate in the skin and the colour changes to a darkish blue colour. They are generally quite painful.

The ultimate way to address a chilblain should be to not get one to start with. You need to do this by certainly not allowing the foot to get cooler using comfortable socks and protective shoes. If the foot may get cooler, then it's vital that you allow it to warm up slowing to give the circulation an opportunity to react to that warming up. It is the too speedy warming up of the skin which is the problem in a chilblain. If a chilblain can occur, then it must be taken care of. Very good warmer socks and also shoes should really be worn. Applying a chilblain cream to rub them supports the blood flow and helps with getting rid of those waste elements that have built up. If your skin gets broken, then good dressing with antiseptics must be used and kept getting used until it heals since there is a danger for an infection. It is then crucial to protect against any further chilblains developing in up coming weeks or else there is a good chance that this results in being a persistent condition.

What is overpronation of the foot?

The way in which the feet function or works may have a significant influence on the rest of the body. The feet are widely thought to be the foundation of the body and just like the tall building analogy, if that foundation isn't right, then something can go wrong above. There are various types of alignment conditions that can affect that platform and how the foot interacts with the surface. That connection will have different impacts further up the body.

One of the issues that may go wrong is something that is generally termed “overpronation”. This phrase is frequently used and misused, so probably should not be used. The phrase relates to the foot moving inwards at the ankle joint as well as the mid-foot (arch) of the foot flattening. This really is quite a normal motion and is only a issue if there to too much of it. Why the word is such a problem is that there is no agreement as to what is too much and what is actually normal. This leads to plenty of indecision in research and in clinical practice, particularly when decisions have to be made if the overpronation needs to be treated or not.

The outcomes that this problem may have on the body are alleged to range from bunions and plantar fasciitis in the foot to lower leg and knee conditions in runners. There are several ways to treat it, again with a lot of difference of opinion among health care professionals as to the best way to treat it. Logically dealing with the overpronation should be geared towards the cause and there isn't any such thing as a one size fits all. If the condition is caused by tight calf muscles, then stretching of those muscles would be the rational therapy. If the issue is the control of muscles at the hip, then the therapy ought to be aimed at that. If the problem is due to weak foot muscles, then that's the best place to begin the therapy with exercises. If the concern is because of a bony alignment issue in the foot, then foot orthotics tend to be prescribed.