Chilblains are what is called a non-freezing cold problem. It's a issue that occurs in the cold weather but is not a freezing cold injury such as frostbite. These are an unnatural response of the small blood vessels in the feet to a change in temperature coming from cold temperatures to warm. Ordinarily when the feet are cold, the blood vessels close up to save warmth. Usually when the foot is warmed up those arteries will need to open up to increase circulation to the tissues. With a chilblain the arteries continue to be closed up for a longer interval of time and then sooner or later and instantly open up. This makes an inflammatory response which causes a painful reddish colored area on the toe. After a couple of days waste material accumulate in the skin and the colour changes to a darkish blue colour. They are generally quite painful.
The ultimate way to address a chilblain should be to not get one to start with. You need to do this by certainly not allowing the foot to get cooler using comfortable socks and protective shoes. If the foot may get cooler, then it's vital that you allow it to warm up slowing to give the circulation an opportunity to react to that warming up. It is the too speedy warming up of the skin which is the problem in a chilblain. If a chilblain can occur, then it must be taken care of. Very good warmer socks and also shoes should really be worn. Applying a chilblain cream to rub them supports the blood flow and helps with getting rid of those waste elements that have built up. If your skin gets broken, then good dressing with antiseptics must be used and kept getting used until it heals since there is a danger for an infection. It is then crucial to protect against any further chilblains developing in up coming weeks or else there is a good chance that this results in being a persistent condition.